GORHAM'S CAVE COMPLEX
Information on the Neanderthals is complemented by significant evidence for the first modern humans who occupied the area some 5000 years after the Neanderthals disappeared. Stone tools, rock paintings and environmental evidence shows that these people also exploited the Rock’s wealth of natural food resources.
The Gibraltar site is a natural laboratory. It reveals 5 million years of geological change in its 426-metre high cliffs. The sea caves contain detailed archaeological information, so that even camp fires and stone-tool production areas can be identified. The palaeo-environmental evidence enables detailed reconstruction of past environments, and contributes to understanding past and present climate change and sea level rise. Gorham’s Cave Complex World Heritage Site tells the compelling story of the Neanderthals in their own landscape.
Gibraltar provides a unique opportunity for people to experience directly some of the environments that were present between 125,000 and 32,000 years ago, and to appreciate the nature, abilities and lifestyle of the Neanderthals.